|What every woman needs to know|
What every woman needs to know
By Candace Rotolo
Going to the gynecologist probably doesn’t rank high among a woman’s favorite to-do items. But annual exams are the only way for your doctor to determine the state of your pelvic and gynecological health.
“If a woman is plagued with chronic pain, menstrual disorders or infection, it affects her quality of life,” says Wendy Humphrey, M.D., chair of NCH’s Obstetrics and Gynecology department. We asked Dr. Humphrey to give us the answers to women’s most common questions.
Do I have to get a Pap Smear every year?
Dr. Humphrey recommends that women have a pap smear and thorough exam annually. The pap smear helps identify any abnormal cervical cells which could be cancerous or precancerous, while an annual exam includes a breast exam and inspection of the vulva for melanoma or other dermatological conditions. Your gynecologist also uses the annual exam to determine any pelvic masses and check for sexually transmitted diseases.
Although the American College of Gynecologists and Obstetricians has updated its recommendations, giving women with a history of negative exams the option to have a pap smear every three years, an annual exam is still necessary; and Dr. Humphrey advises her patients to come in yearly. “If you have to go in for a breast exam, etc., why not get the pap?”
When can a woman stop having annual exams and pap smears?
Medical authorities differ in their recommendations, however, Dr. Humphrey tells her patients to continue coming, even after they’ve reached age 65 or had a hysterectomy.
“If anything, the incidences of female cancers increase with age not decrease,” Dr. Humphrey explains. “Women are living longer, so if they can get to their doctor’s office, I don’t suggest a cut-off age.”
Women who have had a hysterectomy still need yearly breast exams, and if their ovaries remain, an annual pelvic exam is also suggested.
Of course, if a woman experiences any menstrual abnormalities, unusual or persistent pelvic pain, or skin changes around the genitals, unusual discharge or breast changes, she should schedule
a visit to her gynecologist.
Are there long-term side effects to taking The Pill?
“One of the greatest inventions was the birth control pill,” Dr. Humphrey notes. After being on the market for fifty years, the pill is one of the most researched drugs, but Dr. Humphrey says there are still a lot of misconceptions. “We’ve come to realize that it has so many more benefits than just birth control.”
Among those benefits: suppressing endometriosis, which causes infertility in one-third of women; easing menstrual problems and pelvic pain; protection against ovarian and uterine cancer that can last for up to 15 years after a woman discontinues taking the pill; and taking the pill can actually help relieve some of the premenopausal symptoms women experience. For that reason, Dr. Humphrey doesn’t hesitate to keep women on the pill until age 55, provided they are in good health and a non-smoker.
“The pill of yesterday was a much higher dose (of estrogen). The pill of today is close to the dose of hormone replacement therapy. It’s very low.”
Although some women worry that taking the pill increases their risk of breast cancer, Dr. Humphrey says there is no higher rate of breast cancer among women who’ve taken the pill versus women who have not.
What can I do if I experience a decrease in libido?
Dr. Humphrey says this is one of the most common questions among her patients. A decrease in libido is often the result of hormonal changes in the body, which can lead to a lack of lubrication. “It’s a big problem because women would like to stay sexually active. A decrease in lubrication and pain affects the quality of life.”
Fortunately, treatments such as creams and vaginal rings can be used to increase estrogen in a localized area around the vagina, without affecting hormone levels in the rest of the body.
An annual exam and pap smear combined with an open dialogue between you and your physician is the prescription for good pelvic health and overall well being.
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